The World Revolution: Introduction
you can do, or dream you can, begin it.
Boldness has genius, power and magic in it.”
this age of wonders, no one will say that an idea is worthless because it
is new. To say it is impossible because it is difficult is again not
in consonance with the spirit of the age.
Things undreamt of are daily being seen. The impossible is ever becoming possible.”
-- Mahatma Gandhi
The World Revolution
is an idea for a new, global grassroots social movement for progressive
social change. It
attempts to resolve in a definitive and comprehensive manner the major
social problems of our world and our era.
The following is an overview of major aspects of the World
Revolution, as it has been initially conceived.
The State of the World: Overview of
World Revolution is conceived as a response to our current global crisis
and to the whole array of critical problems and issues, throughout
various parts of the planet, facing human beings and facing the natural
The problems are serious. But they should be no new news to anyone who
reads the newspapers or has the courage to look at the world with candid
and honest eyes. For a majority of the world's people, these problems
and the consequent hardships are self-evident facts of life and lie
within the domain of immediate personal experience.
The following is an overview of major
global issues and problems. They
have been grouped here into 4 major areas: Peace, Human Rights,
Environment and Development – this grouping helps to conceptualize the
various different issues.
This basic grouping and
“classification” of issues has been used by many people, including
Richard Falk of the World Order Models Project, Anup Shah of the
GlobalIssues.org website, and also in the United Nations Millennium
Peace, War & Conflict
& Conflict - Since
the end of the Second World War in 1945 there have been over 250 major
wars in which over 23 million people have been killed, tens of millions
made homeless, and countless millions injured and bereaved.
In the history of warfare the twentieth century stands out as the
bloodiest and most brutal - three times more people have been killed in
wars in the last ninety years than in all the previous five hundred. (War:
An Overview, Peace Pledge Union)
One year into
the new millennium the world still wrestles with a welter of problems
left over from the 20th century. There are still more than three dozen
major active conflicts (those with over 1,000 casualties, both military
and civilian) in the world. (Center
for Defence Information, The Defence Monitor)
In armed conflicts since 1945, 90 per
cent of casualties have been civilians. (New Internationalist - Issue 311 "Peace")
3 out of 4 fatalities of war are women and children. (Source: UN
World Food Programme, 1998.)
War and internal conflicts in the 1990s
forced 50 million people to flee their homes.
(UNDP Human Development
Children and War - In
the wars of the last decade, more children were killed than soldiers.
Child victims of war include an estimated 2 million killed, 4 to 5
million disabled, 12 million left homeless, and more than 1 million
UNICEF, State of the World’s Children, 1995, p. 2.)
Child Soldiers - In
dozens of countries around the world, children have become direct
participants in war. Denied a childhood and often subjected to horrific
violence, some 300,000 children are serving as soldiers in current armed
conflicts. These young combatants participate in all aspects of
contemporary warfare. Because of their immaturity and lack of
experience, child soldiers suffer higher casualties than their adult
counterparts. (Human Rights
Women and War - During armed
conflict, women and girls are continually threatened by rape, domestic
violence, sexual exploitation, trafficking, sexual humiliation and
mutilation. They are at heightened risk in all settings, whether at
home, in flight or in camps for displaced people.
(UNIFEM, Women, Peace & Security)
- The global landmine crisis is one of the most pervasive
problems facing the world today. It is estimated that there are between
60 and 70 million landmines in the ground in at least 70 countries.
Landmines maim or kill approximately 26,000 civilians every year,
including 8,000 to 10,000 children. At least 75% of landmine victims are
Arms and Light Weapons - More
than 500 million small arms and light weapons are in circulation around
the world – one for about every 12 people. They were the weapons
of choice in 46 out of 49 major conflicts since 1990, causing four
million deaths – about 90 per cent of them civilians, and 80 per cent
women and children. (UN Conference Brochure - Illicit trade in
Small Arms, 2001)
Nuclear Weapons - The
threat of nuclear weapons has been a fact of life on earth for more than
half of the 20th century. The size of nuclear arsenals worldwide peaked
in the 1980s and remains at approximately 30,000 warheads today,
including strategic and tactical weapons. Despite the end of the Cold
War, some 5,000 nuclear weapons are on hair-trigger alert, ready to be
launched on a few minutes notice. (International
Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War)
Spending - Current global military spending has reached $781
billion annually; more than the total income of the poorest 45% of the
global population. (Source:
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Report, The State of the World's
Children, 1999. World Bank, World Development Indicators, 1998.)
Human Rights & Social Justice
suffer many of the same human rights abuses as adults, but may also be
targeted simply because they are dependent and vulnerable. Children are
tortured and mistreated by state officials; they are detained, lawfully
or arbitrarily, often in appalling conditions; in some countries they
are subjected to the death penalty. Countless thousands are killed or
maimed in armed conflicts; many more have fled their homes to become
refugees. Children forced by poverty or abuse to live on the streets are
sometimes detained, attacked and even killed in the name of social
cleansing. Many millions of children work at exploitative or hazardous
jobs, or are the victims of child trafficking and forced prostitution. (Amnesty
International Report - Children: The Future Starts Here)
Child Labor - At least 250 million
children between the ages of five and 14 are working in developing
countries. Approximately 120 million of these children work full time,
and tens of millions of these work under exploitative and harmful
conditions. (U.S. Department of Labor, By the Sweat and Toil of
Violence Against Women - Violence
against women and girls is a major health and human rights concern.
Between 10% and 50% of women report they have been physically abused by
an intimate partner in their lifetime. Between 12 and 25% of women
have experienced attempted or completed forced sex by an intimate
partner or ex-partner at some time in their lives. Forced
prostitution, trafficking for sex and sex tourism appear to be growing.
Studies on the trafficking of women and children estimated 500,000 women
entering the European Union in 1995.
(WHO Fact Sheet, Violence Against Women)
Worldwide, a quarter of all women are
raped during their lifetime. Depending on the country, 25 to 75 percent
of women are regularly beaten at home. Over 120 million women have
undergone female genital mutilation. (UNIFEM Press Release, 1999)
Women and Decision-Making - Women
hold only 12% of parliamentary seats worldwide. In the least developed
countries it can be as low as 8.5%.
(Equality In Practice, DFiD Report, 2000, Womankind
Women hold only 1%
of executive positions in the world's biggest international
corporations. (Focus on
Women, UN, 1995, Womankind Worldwide)
Women and Education - There are
876 million illiterate people in the world - two thirds of them are
women. This figure is not expected to decrease significantly in the next
20 years. Two thirds of school-age children in the developing
world without access to education are girls.
(World's Women 2000, UN, Womankind Worldwide)
- Today, no continent, and barely any country, in the world
is untouched by the global refugee crisis. At the beginning of 2000 an
estimated 14 million people were living as refugees, uprooted from their
homes and forced to cross an international border. Huge though they are,
the global refugee numbers hide an even greater displacement crisis:
that of the internally displaced, those people who are forced to flee
their homes, often for the very same reasons as refugees - war, civil
conflict, political strife, and gross human rights abuse - but who
remain within their own country, do not cross an international border,
and hence are not eligible for protection under the same international
system as refugees. There are an estimated 30 million internally
displaced persons in the world - the number may be even higher. (Human Rights Watch)
Bonded Labor - Bonded labour –
or debt bondage – is probably the least known form of slavery today,
and yet it is the most widely used method of enslaving people. A person
becomes a bonded labourer when his or her labour is demanded as a means
of repayment for a loan. It is estimated that some 20 million
people are held in bonded labour around the world. Bonded
labourers are routinely threatened with and subjected to physical and
sexual violence. They are kept under various forms of surveillance, in
some cases by armed guards. (Anti-Slavery
- A sweatshop is a
workplace where workers are subject to extreme exploitation, including
the absence of a living wage or benefits, poor working conditions, and
arbitrary discipline, such as verbal and physical abuse. Sweatshops are
continuously being discovered all over the world. In the U.S., these
conditions exist in many low wage industries that employ immigrants,
such as the garment industry. (Sweatshop Watch)
Environment & Nature
- Half of the forests that originally covered 46% of the
Earth's land surface are gone. Only one-fifth of the Earth's original
forests remain pristine and undisturbed.
(Natural Resources Defense Council (? / Rainforest Action
cover about a quarter of the world's land surface, excluding Greenland
and Antarctica. Global forest cover has been reduced by 20 percent since
pre-agricultural times, and possibly as much as 50 percent. Less
than 40 percent of forests globally are relatively undisturbed by human
action. (World Resources Institute)
Rainforests - Rainforests cover 2%
of the Earth's surface, or 6% of its land mass, yet they house over half
the plant and animal species on Earth. They originally covered at least
twice that area. Rainforests are being destroyed at a staggering
rate. Despite the small land area they cover, rainforests are home to
about half of the 5 to 10 million plant and animal species on the globe.
Rainforests also support 90,000 of the 250,000 identified plant species.
(Rainforest Action Network)
Warming & Climate Change - If
present rates of emissions of carbon dioxide continue, the Earth will
experience a lC (1.8F) warming by 2030 at the latest, and a 3C (5.4F)
increase in temperature before the end of the next century. This amounts
to a warming rate 10 to 100 times more rapid than the fastest warming
period in the last 10,000 years. Global warming would have
tremendous consequences including: Widespread extinction of plant and
animal species. Sea level rise and coastal flooding. Adverse impact on
agriculture. Increases in severe storms such as hurricanes, cyclones,
and typhoons. (Rainforest
& Species Extinction - The Earth's species are dying out
at an alarming rate, up to 1000 times faster than their natural rate of
extinction. Some scientists estimate that as many as 137 species
disappear from the Earth each day, which adds up to an astounding 50,000
species disappearing every year. (Rainforest Action
Species have been disappearing at 50-100
times the natural rate, and this is predicted to rise dramatically.
Based on current trends, an estimated 34,000 plant and 5,200 animal
species - including one in eight of the world's bird species - face
extinction. (Convention on Biological Diversity)
The best estimates are that between 10
and 20 percent of all species will be driven to extinction in the next
20 to 50 years. The current and impending rate of human-caused
extinctions is conservatively estimated to be 100 to 1,000 times the
background extinction rate. (Union of Concerned Scientists)
& Marine Ecosystems
- We are in the midst of a global marine crisis. Earth's
coastal and marine resources, and the ecosystems upon which they depend,
are showing signs of collapse. (World Resources Institute)
As a result of destructive human
activity, the health of our oceans and the life they support is in
jeopardy. Commercial whaling much reduced from its former scale but
still in existence, has severely depleted whale populations worldwide,
driving some to the brink of extinction. Fish stocks are plummeting in
virtually every ocean and sea. Seabirds, hundreds of thousands of sea
turtles and marine mammals are entangled and drowned by irresponsible
fishing practices every year. (Greenpeace
Coral Reefs - Covering less than
0.2% of the ocean floor, coral reefs contain perhaps 1/4 of all marine
species. Coral reefs are
among the most endangered ecosystems on earth. Coral reefs in 93 of the
109 countries containing them have been damaged or destroyed by human
activities. In addition, human impacts may have directly or indirectly
caused the death of 5-10% of the world's living reefs, and if the pace
of destruction is maintained, another 60% could be lost in the next
20-40 years. (Environmental Defense Fund)
Freshwater Systems - The world's
freshwater systems are so degraded that its ability to support human,
plant and animal life is greatly in peril. As a result, many freshwater
species are facing rapid population decline or extinction, and an
increasing number of people will face serious water shortages.
By 2025, at least 3.5 billion people or nearly 50 percent of the
world's population will face water scarcity.
More than 20 percent of the world's known 10,000 freshwater fish
species have become extinct, been threatened, or endangered in recent
decades. (World Resources
- World fisheries face a grim forecast. Forty-five years of
increasing fishing pressure have left many major fish stocks depleted or
in decline. Sixty percent of the world's important fish stocks are
"in urgent need of management" to rehabilitate them or keep
them from being overfished. (World Resources Institute, Resources
Desertification - Desertification
threatens nearly one quarter of the land surface of the globe. The
environmental impacts of desertification include a reduction in crop
yields, a loss of plants and a deterioration in the quality of plant
foodstuffs available to humans and animals. (The Guardian newspaper,
Desertification special report, The Arid Expansion)
- Thousands of species of plants and animals are under increasing
threat. Every day, added pressures such as loss of habitat, illegal
trade, over-hunting, pollution, and the effects of climate change and
economic development take their toll on the world's wildlife.
(World Wide Fund for Nature, Species Program)
Growth - The
current pace and scale of change—over 60 million people are added to
urban populations each year—often strain the capacity of local and
national governments to provide even the most basic services to urban
residents. An estimated 25 to 50 percent of urban inhabitants in
developing countries live in impoverished slums and squatter
settlements, with little or no access to adequate water, sanitation, or
refuse collection. (World Resources Institute)
Transportation - Transportation of all types already accounts for
more than one quarter of the world's commercial energy use.
Vehicles are major sources of urban air pollution and greenhouse gas
emissions. In developing countries, the growing use of internal
combustion vehicles, especially in urban areas, will increase
congestion, raise the demand for oil, worsen air pollution, and increase
emissions of a variety of greenhouse gases, including methane, ozone,
carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, and, most important, CO2.
Worldwide, motor vehicle emissions account for more than 15
percent of global fossil fuel CO2 releases. Because of their large
vehicle fleets, developed countries are responsible for a commensurately
large share of emissions. In 1993, developed countries accounted for
about two thirds of total world CO2 emissions from motor vehicles,
although these countries represented only 16 percent of the world's
population. (World Resources Institute)
Economic Development, Poverty &
- Although poverty has been
dramatically reduced in many parts of the world, a quarter of the
world's people remain in severe poverty. In a global economy of $25
trillion, this is a scandal - reflecting shameful inequalities and
inexcusable failures of national and international policy.
(UNDP Human Development Report 1997)
world's people live on less than $2 a day. 1.2 billion people live on
less than $1 per day. (World
Women and Poverty - Millions of
women in developing countries live in poverty. Women are still the
poorest of the world's poor, representing 70 percent of the 1.3 billion
people who live in absolute poverty. Narly 900 million women have
incomes of less than $1 a day. (UNIFM,
Strengthening Women's Economic Capacity)
two-thirds of the world's working hours, produce half of the world's
food, and yet earn only 10% of the world's income and own less than 1%
of the world's property. (World
Development Indicators, 1997, Womankind Worldwide)
- Today, there are
still 125 million children who never attend school. Another 150
million children of primary age start school, but drop out before they
can read or write. One in four adults in the developing world –
872 million people – is illiterate, and the numbers are growing.
Girls account for two-thirds of the children not in school.
Oxfam UK - Education Now Campaign- the issues
Crisis - The debt burden is the biggest single barrier to
development in the Third World, the most powerful tool that western
nations use to keep whole countries in bondage.
It is estimated that the Third World pays the developed North
nine times more in debt repayments than they receive in aid. Africa
alone spends four times more on repaying its debts than it spends on
health care. (DebtChannel.org
- OneWorld.net - Beginner's guide to debt)
In 1997 the
foreign debts of ‘developing’ countries were more than two trillion
(million million) US dollars and still growing. The result is a debt of
$400 for every man, woman and child in the developing world – where
average income in the very poorest countries is less than a dollar a
Internationalist - Issue 312 "Debt")
The assets of the 200 richest people in 1998
were more than the total annual income of 41% of the world’s people. (UNDP
Human Development Report 1999)
– Bill Gates, the Sultan of Brunei and the Walton family – have a
combined wealth of some $135 billion. Their value equal the annual
income of 600 million people living in the world’s poorest countries. (World Development Movement. WDM in Action, Winter
1999, Rebecca McQullan (article))
Global Inequality / Inequality between
countries - The richest 20% of the world
population now receives 150 times the income of the poorest 20%. (UNDP Human Development Report 1992)
The richest one-fifth of the world:
• Consume 45% of all meat and fish, the poorest fifth 5%.
• Consume 58% of total energy, the poorest fifth less than 4%.
• Have 74% of all telephone lines, the poorest fifth 1.5%.
• Consume 84% of all paper, the poorest fifth 1.1%.
• Own 87% of the world’s vehicle fleet, the poorest fifth less than
UNDP Human Development Report 1998
The income gap
between the richest fifth of the world's people and the poorest fifth,
measured by average national income per head, increased from 30 to one
in 1960, to 74 to one in 1997. (Human
Development Report, United Nations Development Program, 1999.)
Inequality within countries - Within
nations, the income gap has been growing as well. Russia now has the
world's greatest inequality, with the richest 20% having 11 times the
income of the bottom 20%. Income inequalities have also grown
dramatically in China, Indonesia, Thailand, other East and South-East
Asian countries, and in the industrialized countries, especially Sweden,
Britain, and the United States. ("The
State of the World," Stephen R. Shalom)
& Hunger -
Hunger continues to plague an estimated 793 million people around the
world. Every day, 24,000 people die from hunger and other preventable
causes. Nearly 160 million children are malnourished worldwide.
(Oxfam America - Hunger Fact Sheet)
- 880 million people
lack access to basic healthcare, and 1.3 billion lack access to safe
drinking water. 17 million people die each year from curable
diseases, including diarrhea, malaria and tuberculosis. 5 million
of these people die due to water contamination. (Oxfam America -
Each day in the developing world, 30,500
children die from preventable diseases such as diarrhea, acute
respiratory infections or malaria. Malnutrition is associated with over
half of those deaths. (Bread
for the World (UNICEF, World Health Organization))
The World Revolution as a Social
The World Revolution is intended to be a large-scale,
mass social movement. By
social movement we mean several of the following things:
The World Revolution is intended to follow in the tradition of
past social movements. Examples
of exemplary past social movements include:
the Indian independence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi;
the African-American civil rights movement in America in the
1960’s led by Martin Luther King, Jr.;
the Women’s rights and liberation movement; the labor movement;
and the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa with leaders such as
Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu. Furthermore,
a social movement means large numbers of people mobilized to advocate
certain political objectives. It
is different from a formal organization or institution such as
Kinds of activity.
As a social movement, we envision certain kinds of activity, such
as protests, marches, sustained campaigns, and activism.
Specific kinds of organizing and activism include protests,
marches, letter-writing campaigns, petitions, media activism, public
education & awareness, picketing, distributing literature, holding
events and meetings, civil disobedience, direct action, sit-ins, etc.
More organized and coordinated.
We envision the WR to be more organized and more coordinated than
traditional social movements. This would include having more structure and more complexity
of organization than traditional social movements. For example, there might be a network and system of “WR
Project Groups” which form the basic organizational unit of the World
Revolution. And there might
be major sectors of activity to differentiate the different kinds of a
work of the World Revolution, such as Planning, Resources, Recruitment,
Communications and Activism.
Popular and grassroots.
By social movement we also mean a popular and grassroots
movement. This means
ordinary people, concerned citizens, and activists working together in
large numbers to create social and political changes. This is as opposed to traditional non-profit organizations
and NGO’s which have hired, professional staff who do high-level work,
but who do not necessarily involve the general public or even their
supporters in the actual work which they do.
Larger than traditional movements.
Also, we envision the World Revolution to be much larger than
traditional movements. Whereas
traditional social movements have largely been focused on either a
particular issue or a particular country or region, the World Revolution
aims to encompass multiple issues and multiple locales. We envision the WR as a mass social movement operating
globally and involving thousands and ultimately millions of people.
it is likely that the World Revolution will largely be an advocacy
movement. That is, it will
be attempting to advocate and promote certain causes, aims and goals.
Thus, it will be aiming to create the political will to effect
changes in social policy.
The Nature and Elements of the
Not an official organization – a free
and open movement
World Revolution is not an official organization, but rather a free and
open social movement. Official
organizations are formal institutions that oftentimes have a board of
directors, more structure, are registered with the government of their
host country, have paid and salaried staff, and strict budgets.
They often time focus on a particular issues in a
particular region. The
World Revolution, however, is intended to be a free and open social
movement. This means it is
a less formal and less structured entity – and is a free association
of individuals working together for a common cause.
Financing & Resources
World Revolution will have to depend largely upon voluntary
contributions, donations and financial support, wherever such support is
needed. The mechanism for
soliciting and managing such financial support have yet to be worked
However, we feel that
much work and activity can be done without depending upon financial
support and without serious financial resources, through the voluntary
efforts of participating activists.
World Revolution Agenda
World Revolution will most likely have a comprehensive agenda for social
change. By agenda we mean a
complete list of issues and objectives, including specific policy
objectives, that the World Revolution aims to advocate and implement.
The basic issues of the agenda are the same as those listed in
the “State of the World” section above.
To restate those aims, there are four major areas: Peace, Human
Rights, Environment, and Development.
The WR Agenda will most likely be a central aspect of the World
Revolution – it will be a comprehensive platform of objectives and
action that will define the World Revolution and the focus of its
activities. The WR Agenda
will have to be developed and will have to evolve over time, undergoing
a continuous process of revision and updating.
This will have to be done through an ongoing process of
deliberation by any and all WR activists who are interested in being a
part of this process. A
basic, initial version of the WR Agenda can quite easily be drafted by
simply outlining the same list of issues that are listed in the “State
of the World” section above.
World Revolution is intended to be global and international in it’s
scope and scale. Oftentimes
revolutions are considered within a framework of national politics.
The World Revolution is unique in this respect – it aims to
effect changes on a global scale and its realm of concern is the whole
Unification of efforts
of the central aspects and goals of the World Revolution is to promote
the unification of efforts of the whole international community of
organizations and activists working on various different issues and
causes. The World Revolution is based on the belief that there exists
a “unity of the causes” – that all the various issues and
concerns, such as those listed in the “State of the World” section
above, are part of the same single, unified goal and broad objective of
building a better, more human and just world.
it is strongly believed that by unifying the efforts and activities of
all the various organizations and activists working on these issues, we
can become much more effective in creating positive social changes and
be more effective in reaching our common goals.
As a unified movement, our voices will be louder and our actions
stronger and more effective. To
state a possible slogan for the World Revolution, “Activists of the
World Revolution is a long-term project, yet urgent at the same time.
The initial estimate for the length of the project is 25-50
years. We consider this an
urgent time-frame for achieving comprehensive social change and
transformation. The United
Nations has itself created definite goals of solving major problems
within this time frame. One
example is their goal of reducing global poverty by half by the year
2015. This would mean reducing all of poverty by 2030 – or in 30
years, which is a similar time frame that we are projecting and striving
for. Obviously this is a
long time-frame, but we consider this to be appropriate considering the
scale and magnitude of the problems that we are trying to resolve, the
scope of the changes that we are trying to achieve.
The World Revolution is attempting to effect comprehensive social
and global change, including widespread changes in the global political
system – 25-50 years would be an appropriate and realistic time frame
for such objectives. 50-100
years might be a more conservative estimate, and we feel that 25-50
years is a more urgent, yet attainable estimate.
World Revolution aims to effect comprehensive social change on a global
scale. This is one of the
unique and defining characteristics of the World Revolution.
Whereas many existing organizations, groups and movements focus
on a particular issue or narrow subset of issues, the World Revolution
aims to resolve global issues and create social changes in a
comprehensive we also mean that that the WR aims to work on multiple
issues together and concurrently. It
aims to look at the whole spectrum of issues and consider them together
as part of a unified set of concerns.
Therefore, the World Revolution can be called a “multi-issue”
World Revolution aims to be definitive in its efficacy. This means the World Revolution aims to achieve its
objectives and achieve lasting solutions to major global problems in a
definite and effective manner. There
are many organizations and groups working on various global issues –
but they have yet to achieve definite solutions to the world’s
problems. The World
Revolution aims to bring about definite changes and lasting solutions.
The idea of critical
mass is another concept central the World Revolution.
Critical mass is the idea that true change will only come about
when the number of people advocating certain causes reaches a certain
level or threshold. When
these numbers of people are sufficiently large, then change begins to
take place. Thus,
the World Revolution aims to consolidate an initial world
revolutionary constituency -- with sufficient numbers of people so as to
be able to influence the values of the rest of the populace as well as
to effect national opinion and policy.
ideology or ideological perspective of the World Revolution is based
upon and includes several different perspectives and elements.
and progressive political perspective.
The ideological perspective of the World Revolution is largely a
leftist and progressive perspective on questions of politics and
characteristics of a leftist and progressive political perspective
include: an emphasis upon solidarity and concern for the oppressed and
those who are suffering, disadvantaged, poor, or downtrodden; a concern
for equality of all peoples and, hence, and emphasis on justice and
fairness in social relations; a disapproval of violence, organized
violence, oppression, and domination; and placing a priority on human
welfare and on life in general above other concerns such as the pursuit
of wealth. Furthermore, a
leftist and progressive political perspective is concerned with such
concepts as peace, justice, freedom, equality, human rights, and
to moral and ethical principles.
Second, there is a commitment and a belief in principles of
philosophical and social ethics such as truth, justice, love,
compassion, harmony, and equality.
These can be called moral, ethical and social principles and
concern and engagment.
Third, there is a commitment to social awareness, concern,
responsibility and engagement.
This includes thinking globally and having a concern for the
world and the human family as a whole.
Violence vs. Nonviolence
A question regarding strategy and tactics for the
World Revolution is whether we are to use violent and non-violent means.
We envision a predominantly peaceful, non-violent revolution. Non-violent tactics include marches, protests,
demonstrations, vigils – even civil disobedience and direct action. This is as opposed to armed rebellion and resistance.
We do not feel, however, that it is necessary to advocate an
absolute commitment to non-violence.
It is possible that violence is not necessarily
an effective strategy and tactic – in the face of a militarized
opposition, it is possible that violence will only result in a stronger
backlash, repression, and counter-violence.
It is also possible that violence may not be necessary to achieve
the goals for which we are striving.
If it is possible to achieve our goals non-violently, then we
should pursue that path. It
is possible that society can be changed largely through the use of
persuasion, pressure, and advocacy.
One argument against the use of violence as a tactic is that
violence is one of the things that we are fighting against and trying to
allievate from society.
term ‘World Revolution’
There is a question as to whether
the term “World Revolution” is appropriate and desirable as a name
for the project of building a mass social movement for global change.
We believe it is appropriate for several of the following
First, we believe that the term
“World Revolution” is inspiring.
It creates a sense of excitement.
Second, we believe that it is empowering.
It gives people the sense that they are part of something
significant, powerful and strong. Third,
we feel that it is an accurate and true description of what we are
trying to achieve and create.
Albert of Znet and Z Magazine has written about this question in an
article entitled “Resurrect the R-word”.
The following is a quote which helps support our view on this
“Embarrassment on hearing the R-word
conveys that liberated human history is impossible. Equating the
R-word with "blood-lust" accepts that struggle for change
can yield only minimal gains or, if we get too ambitious, worse than
what we already have. To debate the propriety of
"revolution" reflects timidity about truth. We must no
longer debate the R-word as if humanity may after all be able to
flourish within the dictates of capitalism, patriarchy, racism, and
face of the horrors we all know so well, it does not evidence
maturity, pragmatism, or wisdom to dismiss revolutionary desires as
strange. It evidences ignorance, defeatism, or even lack of humanity.
Don't whisper the R-word.
can't win what we won't even name. Resistance is good. But to get to
liberation, in speaking, writing, thought, and action—resurrect
the R word.”